PRELIMINARY STUDIES OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF DISTANCE LEARNING FOR CHILD LABOR GRADUATED FROM JUNIOR AND SENIOR HIGH SCHOOLS WORKING IN THE AGRICULTURAL PROCESSING INDUSTRY IN INDONESIA, THAILAND, CAMBODIA, AND VIETNAM
Abstract. Opportunities to obtain education and training for working-school-age children (child labor) in Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and Indonesia are indispensable. This is indicated by mean of years of schooling of citizens in these countries is only about 7 years or equivalent to junior high school. In addition, population data show that labor with primary and secondary education level is quite high. These conditions encourage the formation of a labor force composition dominated by child laborers who are only elementary school graduates and children who have not graduated from secondary education due to a reason. In relation to the working work, the Agricultural Products Processing Industry is one of the industrial sectors targeted by child laborers. This is because the nature of some work lines in the industry does not require workers with high ability / competence. On the basis of these problems, there needs to be a solution to improve the competence of child labor through education which is flexible in adapting to the conditions of child labor. Distance learning can be served as an efficient or effective strategy or method to meet the educational needs of child laborers who have limited time due to work. This study aims to find out the readiness of Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam, to implement the distance learning programs. The results of the study of several indicators in each target country indicate that the distance learning program is feasible and ready to implement.